Proper care of plants at an early stage of their development – the key to a good harvest in the fall. So providing a comfortable environment for the growth of crops is a challenge facing every owner testify. One of the best assistants in achieving this goal the greenhouse. Of course, not always have the means to purchase expensive design, so consider how to make a greenhouse from scrap materials.
- 1 a Greenhouse from scrap materials with your hands: the benefits of using
- 2 Kinds of greenhouses with their hands from improvised materials
- 3 Materials used for the construction of mini greenhouses for the garden
- 4 How to choose the right place to install a homemade greenhouse
- 5 How to make your own hands a simple greenhouse for cucumbers
- 6 Greenhouse peppers in their own hands: photo design Wigwam
- 7 How to make a greenhouse for tomatoes: the simplest design
- 7.1 Complex construction of the greenhouse made of plastic bottles with their hands
- 8 How to make a greenhouse for tomatoes with your hands: stationary design
- 9 How to make a greenhouse out of old window frames: step by step instructions
- 9.1 How to make a Foundation for a greenhouse of the frames with his own hands: photo manual
- 9.2 step by step guide on the construction of the frame of the greenhouse of window frames with their hands
- 10 Tips for the care of greenhouses, hand made
A greenhouse from scrap materials with your hands: the benefits of using
The main purpose for which the agricultural activities used greenhouses – more early planting. It often happens that sudden frosts kill newly planted seedlings or do not allow the seeds to germinate. Small homemade greenhouses are a great way to protect plants, creating for them comfortable conditions of growth.
Homemade design, with careful observance of all recommendations on design, not inferior to the purchase, and allow you to increase productivity up to 3 times. Important is to ensure the inside of the structure in a stable environment.
One of the main advantages of a greenhouse made in accordance with the instructions – ease of access to plants that are planted inside. Care for them just, of course, provided that is correctly matched to the location and design of the greenhouse.
Among other benefits, the use of simple greenhouses from scrap materials worth noting:
- easy installation and disassembly, easy repair work;
- homemade greenhouse will be cheaper than all other options;
- have the ability to choose a greenhouse design which are integrated into the setting of the plot, without spoiling its appearance.
Kinds of greenhouses with their hands from improvised materials
Thinking about building a mini greenhouse with your own hands, the first thing you need to determine exactly is the purpose of this design. It will depend on a large part of its characteristics, including size, material of manufacture, etc., for example, a mini greenhouse-the greenhouse will be able to provide you with radishes and greens in early spring.
If we are talking about a greenhouse for the tomatoes with your hands, it will require the construction of fairly strong and substantial construction. Because at each subsequent stage of development the plants will require more and more space, which is the main task. The same applies to, for example, cucumbers and other crops, the ground of which is large.
Quite different requirements for mini greenhouses for seedlings. In this case, the emphasis should be on size and design, and its ability to provide plants with the required microclimate. Preferably for ventilation opened a large portion of the greenhouse, for example, the roof or side fold. Warm and Sunny days, this will positively affect the growth of plants.
Another common variant designs, which are adjacent to the wall of the building. The construction of these greenhouses is very simple, and with proper location of such a greenhouse in anything will not concede to other types.
A useful tip! A greenhouse can have virtually any size, to the extent that it is intended for a single plant, for example, if we are talking about growing a small number of seedlings.
The materials used for the construction of mini greenhouses for the garden
Speaking about the materials for a greenhouse, you should pay attention to the fact that the design should consist of two parts: upper and lower. The lower part shows a simple drainage system that is easy to make from organic waste, fallen leaves, straw, etc. on Top of all this is covered with earth. This is not required, but the presence of drainage will provide the plants extra warmth.
As for the top, which is represented directly by the box greenhouse, there are many options. Today in mass production, more preference is given to frames made of profiled or metal pipes. If we are talking about the greenhouse with his own hands from scrap materials, photos show us the incredible variety of available solutions.
For example, popular greenhouses from plastic bottles, the design of the pipes and films, and frames frames. Their hands to implement any of these variants is not difficult, especially if you follow step by step instructions to work.
Especially worth noting is the use of wood in construction of such structures. This applies both to the construction of greenhouses with their hands out of old window frames, and in those cases where the frame is assembled from a bar. This material is used quite often, despite the fact that he more than anyone else are subject to decay, and deformation as a result of cracks.
As for the covering materials, there are only three options: film, glass and polycarbonate. In the first case, the main advantage is the low cost. Having spent quite a bit of funds, you can obtain a suitable covering material which will serve one, and when caring for even two seasons.
Quite another matter – glass. It is much stronger though and can break from impact. Specially for greenhouse glass, of course, no one is buying because it has a lot of weight and its use is just not justified, but if we are talking about using for this purpose the window frames already built-in glasses, it is a perfectly valid option.
To date, the ideal option is polycarbonate. This material combines the best qualities and allowed the owners of suburban areas to create a lightweight, comfortable and inexpensive greenhouses. Working with polycarbonate just, and its light transmission allow the plants to receive enough sunlight and heat.
A useful tip! One of the main requirements for ukryvnogo material for greenhouses – high light transmission. That is why, even if we are talking about homemade greenhouses made of plastic, care should be taken that the plants do not suffer from a lack of sunlight.
How to choose the right place to install a homemade greenhouse
Looking through the instructions on how to make a DIY greenhouse for seedlings or for any other purpose, pay attention to the choice of its location. Fit design only in combination with the right location will allow you to grow a good crop.
First and foremost, the place chosen for installation of the greenhouse must be protected from strong winds and draughts. Also, it is important to avoid stagnation of water in the location where you installed the greenhouse. For this reason, it is not necessary to install them in the lowlands, where precipitation can accumulate and melt water.
If you plan to make a design that opens with one hand, it is highly recommended that it was the southern part. The side that is facing the North, should be deaf to avoid lowering the temperature and cause draughts inside the greenhouse.
Also, you must make sure that the inside of the greenhouse was penetrated by enough sunlight. It is better to avoid the installation of structures under large trees or close to buildings. The only exceptions are greenhouses that are adjacent to the house. But in this case have to be made with Sunny side of the house.
How to make your own hands a simple greenhouse for cucumbers
As already mentioned, there are many options for arrangement of greenhouses, each of which takes into account the specifics of a particular culture, the cultivation of which is planned in this case. Let’s consider one example of a relatively simple design – greenhouse film which is designed for cucumbers.
The first stage is to prepare the site for installation and construction of the drainage layer. In this case you will need to remove the top layer of soil (about 50 cm) and on the bottom of the pit to backfill rubble or gravel. Then in the hole put a layer of organic waste and covered it with earth. The upper soil layer should be at least 30 cm.
Then on the perimeter of the prepared site, you need to make a fence. Using a steel wire made of ribs, of which later get a frame for the covering material. In the process you can use soft wire, binding with it a more rigid elements. This will give the whole structure great strength.
As the covering material used by the film, which is stretched over the ribs and fixed. In hot weather, the tape can be lifted, the plants are additionally ventilated, and with the onset of coolness on the greenhouse additionally, you can throw a thick cloth or blanket to provide warmth cucumbers.
A useful tip! After the cucumbers will grow up and will no longer need protection, it is not necessary to completely dismantle the greenhouse. Very convenient to just remove the film and leave the frame as a support for weaving plants.
Greenhouses with his own hands: the best designs and materials for building
What materials to use for construction. How to choose a place to install the greenhouse. The construction of various types of structures.
Greenhouse peppers in their own hands: photo design Wigwam
Interested in the question of how to make a greenhouse for peppers with your hands, you can find a design that is called Tepee. For its production need a plastic bag without a bottom, a wooden stake and long rods. Quite suitable as willow and poplar. In addition, you can use the rods of hazel and willow. Importantly, they were flexible, and their diameter did not exceed 20 cm.
If no plastic sleeve, you can make it yourself. This takes the piece of plastic of suitable size, folded in half, and then the edge of one of the parties and soldered under the influence of temperature.
A simple greenhouse is good because it is very easy to build and dismantle alone. For this you need to mark a circle on the ground, the diameter of which will correspond to the diameter of the sleeve. In the centre of the circle drive in the wooden stake that will serve as a basis. Then move to the driving rods, evenly placing them on the circle.
All the bars need to be mounted securely in the ground, and then gather together at the top and tied to the Central stake. Over this frame is put a plastic sleeve, the top of which is also fixed to a stake. Down over the film to fill the earth, or put any heavy objects (boards, bricks).
In order to take care of plants conveniently, not only raise the lower edge of the film, but also to completely omit the covering material down temporarily detaching it at the top point of attachment.
A useful tip! In addition to the polyethylene film, it is possible to make the top layer for greenhouse with their hands out of spunbond nonwoven fabric, the characteristics of which comply with all the agronomic requirements.
How to make a greenhouse for tomatoes: the simplest design
Often you can find greenhouses for tomatoes from scrap materials. With their hands they can be made from anything, including plastic bottles which certainly are in each cottage. It is best to use large containers such as 5 litre. To make a mini greenhouse for one plant as follows: five-liter plastic bottles to cut down and deepen the capacity that remains in the ground.
Inside this mini-greenhouse is quite comfortable will feel a small tomato that grows to be directed to the bottle neck.
Another great example is a picture of a little greenhouse with their hands, made from a plastic container, often used for baking. Sometimes even use plastic containers for eggs, each cell of caving to avoid stagnation of water.
A useful tip! If you need to place the plant in a very small capacity, as for example in the case of egg tray, normal soil, you can replace the peat pill.
It is noteworthy that the possibilities for self-construction of small greenhouses is not limited. With a little imagination, you can create any design that will not only protect plants from the cold, but also will decorate the suburban area.
Complex design of the greenhouse made of plastic bottles with their hands
In contrast the basic structures and plastic containers should pay attention on design, which, although made from recycled materials, still require owners a lot of time and effort.
So, for example, by stitching can be created almost perfect greenhouse from plastic bottles with their hands. This will allow to implement quite a large amount of unnecessary packaging, and thus adequately substitute for any covering material.
Browsing photos of greenhouses for planting with their hands, which was made out of bottles, you can see that as a basis usually use a wooden frame, to which is attached the bottles connected to each other. Of course, this process delivers a lot of hassle, and cut bottles – a rather tedious process, but it is important that the resulting design meets all the functional requirements and is not inferior to other more complex structures.
How to make a greenhouse for tomatoes with your hands: stationary design
If you have the ability to allocate time and space for the installation of stationary type, then you can consider more permanent options, such as a greenhouse of profile pipes with a coating of polycarbonate or polyethylene film. As usually, this structure is not dismantled for the winter, it must be sufficiently durable and reliable to withstand high wind loads and the weight of the rain.
DIY greenhouse from a profile pipe to make, especially if to use a ready-made drawing with all the dimensions of the parts. To install this design, it is recommended to prepare a solid Foundation that will firmly hold the greenhouse and not allow him to fly in strong gusts of wind.
The simplest scheme available for implementation of arch construction. This will need to bend a few pipes of the same size and pin them in such a way to make arches, standing one behind the other at equal distance. For greater strength at the top and sides are mounted additional reinforcing ribs.
If the covering material using the film, it just laid on top, fixing to the pipes with screws or other devices. At the bottom leave allowance, allowing you to cover the edges of the land, or fix the film with the use of everyday items, which has sufficient weight. How to do it, you can see in the photo of the greenhouse for the tomatoes with your hands.
A little harder to work with polycarbonate, however, the result is worth the effort, given that its service life can be up to 30 years, while the film will not last more than 1-2 seasons. Polycarbonate screwed to each side of the frame, and then the excess removed with a sharp knife, and the seams are treated and sealed.
A useful tip! In the same way you can make a greenhouse of plastic pipes. His hand to collect the frame is quite simple, given the flexibility and pliability of the material, and covering material you can choose any type.
How to make a greenhouse out of old window frames: step by step instructions
This, at first glance, unusual way, in fact, has become quite widely known. The thing is that with the advent of plastic Windows, more old RAM is just unnecessary, despite the fact that they remain intact, and sometimes even glazed.
Photos of the window frames of greenhouses with their hands well demonstrate the variety of designs that are made from such a simple material. Here are the place to be as a small design and greenhouses of the impressive sizes, suitable for growing even tall crops.
But before you begin, it is important to note that the wooden base RAM has a fairly large weight so that the finished design will be difficult, especially if inserted inside a glass. Therefore, in this case, it is recommended to prepare a solid Foundation – pier Foundation.
How to make a Foundation for a greenhouse of the frames with his own hands: photo manual
To make the Foundation, you should start with a standard markup that indicates the borders of a future greenhouse. In each of the corners, and then, following a three-meter step, you need to dig a pit depth of about 50 cm Can be make deeper holes, because the main goal is to reduce the level of soil freezing in winter.
The first 10 cm of each pit is filled with a layer of gravel which is thoroughly compacted. Then the sides are made of formwork, and inserted inside a hollow metal pipe with a diameter of 10-15 cm using a level they are aligned, held in place by bricks and filled with concrete.
You can also make a base by means of a wooden bar, from whence the box of the correct size. But in this case, it is extremely important to pay attention to the processing of wood protective means against moisture and insects.
Step by step guide on the construction of the frame of the greenhouse of window frames with their hands
To understand how to make a greenhouse of window frames, gradually enough to perform a few simple operations:
- Prepare the window frames: hinges, handles and other hardware must be removed. The old paint completely peeled off, and the frame itself is definitely treated with protective agents.
- It is highly recommended that remove the glass from the frames at the preparatory stage, as in the future they will be very easy to break, and inconvenience such as additional weight and complexity in the processing frame, you to anything.
- Vents of the Windows must be carefully resealed and if possible, if not dismantled.
- Go to the Assembly of the frame: if we are talking about a small greenhouse, the frame can simply be connected using conventional screws and parts, and if the design is sizeable, you will need to prepare in advance a wooden frame for fixing of frames.
- After the frames are bonded and inserted in the frame, the remaining space and even the small cracks fill up with foam.
A useful tip! If possible, it is better not to insert the old glass in place, and in their place set pieces polycarbonate the right size.
The roof of this greenhouse can be used plastic film or the more expensive polycarbonate. The material is fastened on the crate and secured with special clips, clamps or screws.
Tips for the care of greenhouses, hand made
Due to the imperfections of improvised structures, and often quite harsh operating conditions, virtually all the owners have to face the necessity of repair works. Especially it concerns those structures, for which was used a polyethylene film.
Film often damaged by other materials, but at the same time it is very easy to repair. For this, you need to remove it from the frame and lay on a flat surface so that the damaged area is in front of you. Cut a plastic patch of the right size to put on top. Covered it all with newspaper, hold a soldering iron from the top or edge of the iron.
In almost all other cases it will be easier to replace the damaged item and re-cover the greenhouse. Attempts to glue the broken piece with plastic bottles and other waste time.
But think about improving the quality of soil inside the greenhouse is. First, it will have a positive impact on productivity, and second, provide the plants extra warmth. The perfect soil mix in this case includes the following components: 1 part sand, 2 parts grass, 3 parts humus. Also not be amiss to add one teaspoon of superphosphate, potassium sulfate and urea.
A useful tip! Even if that was the quality of the soil mixture, it should be used not more than one year. Next season the soil must be updated.
Using one of the given technology, it’s easy to do DIY greenhouse for peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers or any seedlings. Moreover, using the to work available materials, you will be able to get rid of unnecessary stuff, turning it into a beautiful and functional greenhouse.