Ceramic tile for internal furnish of walls – a versatile material that has long been known in the construction industry. It was originally designed for the cladding of facades or of the bases of the buildings. However, most often it was used in the finishing works inside the building. With the help of clinker tile veneer whole rooms, stairs, fireplaces, as well as execute other elements of the interior.
- 1 the Main advantages of ceramic tiles
- 2 production Technology
- 3 Paving tiles for interior walls: types
- 4 How to choose paving tiles?
- 5 surface Preparation
- 6 Preparation of adhesive composition
- 7 Installation of ceramic tiles
- 8 Paving tiles in the interior
- 9 Clinker tiles (video)
The main advantages of ceramic tiles
Such material has many positive characteristics, allowing use in almost any conditions:
- resistance to differences of temperatures;
- resistance to moisture;
- environmentally friendly;
- resistance to ultraviolet light;
- frost resistance;
- the fire resistance;
- ease of maintenance;
- a long service life.
That is, the paving tiles can be used for decoration of premises with damp microclimate (baths and kitchens), balconies and loggias, and other areas with complex microclimatic conditions. Also quite great popularity of this material due to the possibility of its installation on almost any Foundation. The tiles can be installed on concrete, drywall or even metal.
All the positive qualities of this material are provided by the manufacturer. For clinker production used environmentally friendly natural raw materials – clay. It is extracted from special quarries that exist in several countries. The technology of manufacturing tiles is very similar to the technique of brick production. For this purpose, the firing at high temperatures.
There are only two methods of production. The first involves firing the molded product after pre-drying. For the second drying is not necessary. Thus, it is possible to obtain a finishing material with a low thermal conductivity. The whole firing process takes about 2 days. The temperature regime of this stage is about 1200 degrees. Due to this, clinker bricks obtained strong.
Ceramic tile for internal furnish of walls: types
Clinker tiles are produced for different purposes. Depending on the finish options there are several varieties:
- technical tiles are used for decorating the roads and sidewalks;
- water-resistant tiles used in the facing of home indoor swimming pools, baths and saunas;
- conventional facing – used to finish a variety of parts of buildings;
- special forms for complex architectural plans.
Simple facing of clinker tiles for interior walls is represented on the market with a variety of textured solutions and color shades. The color of this material is created with natural dyes, so the tile is considered to be safe. It produced most often in brown-red and white-yellow colours.
Finish options the attic with their hands, photos and design. How to make self-trim and insulation of the attic spaces in various ways.
The tile surface is smooth and uneven. Slightly rough top layer resembles a wild rock, and smooth is a noble brick. That is why such material is widespread in interior solutions. They can be finished with floors, stairs, walls or parts of them, and create unique elements of room decor.
How to choose paving tiles?
Buying paving tile for internal furnish of walls, it is necessary to calculate in advance the area that will be facing. Wastes need to add about 10% of the total area. Taking the packaging with ceramic tiles, you should carefully inspect each. They should not be products, radically different in color and texture. If the finish is not planned to produce immediately after purchase, then the tile must be protected from dust.
Adhesive for clinker need to buy immediately. Usually, the brand of adhesive recommended by manufacturer of tiles. Information about the rules of breeding compositions are usually specified by the manufacturer. To retreat from these figures is not necessary, then the tile will stick much stronger.
To make a correct laying of ceramic tiles for interior walls, you should consider some of the subtleties. Because of this, even a novice stacker-tiler will easily cope with this task. The basis for the clinker must be smooth, durable, and pre-cleaned from old coating. On the wall to be trim, must not remain pieces of paint, lime and grease. You should also inspect the surface of the building level.
A useful tip! All of the detached pieces of plaster must be removed. If necessary, you should put another layer of plaster or remove irregularities with body filler.
Also prior to installation tiles should be pre-primed wall. This will help stabilize the surface and significantly increase the adhesion of the adhesive and of the base. Before laying, you should still calculate the locations of the tiles, because the height of the room is not always possible to stick to a whole number of products. The trimmed pieces are best placed under the ceiling.
Preparation of adhesive composition
For bonding ceramic tiles for interior walls are typically used dry formulations. Purchased the mixture is poured into water and thoroughly mixed. For these purposes it is better to use a drill, wearing her special nozzle – mixer. The obtained solution was allowed to stand for about a quarter of an hour for complete dissolution of all components.
The area of application of the adhesive composition to the base should not exceed 1×1 m. Adhesive properties of such compositions remain no more than 25-30 minutes, during this time, you need to have time to paste over the prepared plot.
A useful tip! For internal furnish of walls of clinker bricks is not necessary to use adhesive with strong fixation. Suitable flexible, water-resistant with normal fixation.
Installation of ceramic tiles
Glue is applied to the base, using a special toothed spatula. The tiles are tightly pressed to the surface and well pristukivajut a rubber mallet until it becomes level. Between adjacent elements to withstand a small gap. This can be achieved by using crosses made of plastic.
A useful tip! If the grout still dried up on the surface, you need to carefully remove and lay a new layer.
Grout joints is about a day after finishing. Through this time, the clinker is firmly connected with the surface and producing grout that is impossible to damage the finish. For similar work using special rubbing compounds and tools. Fit a rubber spatula or trowel with a rubber band. Remains of grout on the tile surface clean of abrasive sponges.
Clinker tiles in the interior
Typically, such material is used in the interior to simulate real brick. Such a design method is considered the most versatile. Quite often the clinker surface fires, the areas around window and door openings. A wide variety of colors allows you to choose the perfect shade that will suit to the color scheme of the room. Most often, the imitation of brickwork used in such styles as hi-tech, minimalist, Provence.
Don’t matter to decorate a wall full of clinker or any part of it, you can create the inimitable style of the room. Such brick elements simulation will appeal to guests and all members of the family.
Clinker tiles (video)