This article discusses in detail the capacity for sewage plastic wells, storage tanks and structures for other purposes, their characteristics and the main types, technical specifications, including dimensions. The text contains all the necessary information, allowing you to see a brief overview of the existing market range, prices for the product and their choice, as well as further maintenance after installation.
- 1 General information about holding tanks for sewage
- 1.1 advantages and disadvantages of cumulative septic tanks, application
- 1.2 Which is better to buy a holding tank for Sewerage systems: kinds of designs, their features
- 2 Tanks for sewage plastic wells, their species diversity
- 2.1 Features of the observation and distribution of plastic manholes for Sewerage, price
- 2.2 properties of plastic manholes for Sewerage
- 2.3 Features of polymer wells for sewage
- 3 Buy optimum plastic container under a septic tank for sewage: the price of products
- 3.1 Features and price plastic containers for sewage: articles made of polypropylene
- 3.2 Features and price plastic septic tanks for sewage made of polyethylene
- 4 Choice of additional equipment for sewage treatment facilities
- 4.1 the Cost and features of the sewer of the sewer riser in a private house
- 4.2 Why do I need to buy a pump for pumping sewage prices and features of the equipment
- 5 what is the machine for pumping sewage and its use
- 5.1 How to operate machine for pumping sewage at their summer cottage
- 5.2 How to pump the Sewerage in the private house: the price for the services
General information on holding tanks for sewage
Building a house in a country village or on a country site is accompanied by additional costs for construction of water supply and Sewerage systems as centralized systems in this area are absent. The easiest way in this case to buy a barrel for sewage, or another type of construction of the cumulative type, where will be given all the wastewater.
Such containers are environmentally safe and are fully sealed, but they require regular maintenance which consists of cleaning the tank from sludge. Installation of domestic sewage in a private house is no different from installation of a similar system in the apartment high-rise building. The only thing have to think about the owner of the suburban area is the process of recycling wastewater.
Often a holding tank is a tank of cylindrical shape. It is equipped with a nozzle designed for fluid collection and a well which is used for wastewater treatment. The inlet pipe leading from the house at an angle, connects to the pipe. When the reservoir is filled, cleaning is carried out through the neck of the well.
A useful tip! To save and do without excavation, it is possible to perform the installation of the cumulative design on the surface. But this would spoil the appearance of the area, so for aesthetic reasons it is better to hide the septic tank under the ground.
The advantages and disadvantages of cumulative septic tanks, application
Basic functions accumulative structures:
- Collection of waste and wastewater from residential buildings.
- Storage of wastewater for a certain period of time.
- Ensuring comfort for the occupants of the house.
- Maintaining the surrounding area clean.
The use of the tanks of the storage type for the collection of wastewater has both advantages and disadvantages.
Why it is profitable to buy a tank for sewage accumulation function:
- a simple installation system that allows the vacationer to carry out the installation with your own hands;
- ecological safety and no risk of environmental pollution waste, thanks to airtight construction;
- price plastic storage tanks for Sewerage is significantly lower than the cost of construction of a septic tank based on other materials or a stand-alone station designed for biological wastewater treatment.
The disadvantages of such designs can be attributed only to the need for regular cleaning using specialized equipment. The frequency of such services depends on capacity of reservoir and amount of effluent.
Which is better to buy a holding tank for Sewerage systems: kinds of designs, their features
The offered range of containers is designed for collecting sewage, includes products of various types and sizes. General classification of such structures based on the material of manufacture. It determines the cost of the product, its technical and operational characteristics, properties and features of installation.
Concrete structures are rarely used. Primarily this is due to the limited lifetime of products made from this material and installed in the ground. Concrete is vulnerable to moisture, which causes its rapid destruction. In addition, the installation of such capacity is accompanied by many difficulties and requires the use of heavy construction equipment.
Designs of metal do not have high reliability, even if used much more often concrete products. This material is corrosive to destruction under the influence of aggressive media and water.
A useful tip! If you have to buy a container under the drain of a metal, it is better to give preference to products having a protective coating, and both internal and external. In addition, all seams and joints need to fill with sealant to prevent ingress of rainwater into the soil.
Best for a suburban area would be to buy a plastic tank for sewage. These designs have many advantages in comparison with the previous versions:
- the material is not afraid of corrosion and does not react to the negative effects of aggressive media;
- the product has a light weight that simplifies transportation and installation, and also eliminates the use of special equipment;
- capacity is solid, the absence of seams, and sealed.
With sealant will need to handle only those areas where plastic septic tank for sewer connects to the pipe.
Containers for sewage: plastic wells, their species diversity
The sewer pit is a sealed design, which contributes to the flow of wastewater through the system with minimal resistance.
The structure of these elements of the system are the same:
- the bottom with a tray or without it;
- mine or of the extension section;
- lid or hatch.
Recommended location of wells apply to designated relief differences of the site, entering or exiting highways, as well as the branching of the pipeline. Allowed the installation of these elements in other places, if agreed with the scheme of the system and does not contradict the calculations.
By appointment allocate the wells of the following types:
- drainage or storage.
In addition, widespread use of plastic manholes for conduit. In this case, the underground is a network of communication cables that are protected by a system of tunnels from the influence of groundwater and other damaging factors.
Apparently the wells for sewage produced by different manufacturers, have virtually no differences. The variability lies only in the size, system elevations, where are the exits and entrances, in the absence or presence of the damper velocity of the moving stream and some technical features. Mine construction is performed in a corrugated pipe.
The shape of the tray can be different:
A useful tip! To ensure the integrity of the well, it is recommended to use rubber seals.
Features viewing and distribution of plastic manholes for Sewerage, price
The viewing elements are mounted in the most vulnerable areas of the system and can be used to monitor its condition.
These areas include:
- joints lateral lines;
- the differences in depth;
- areas where changing the diameter of the pipe, its slope or direction.
The flume section, located at the very bottom, often has a diameter of 80 cm. Here is the output and input pipes whose diameter is in the range of 110-160 mm. mine is based on extending sections of a length of 50 cm as a fixing element for connecting sections used o-rings pre-treated with a silicone.
The main function of the distribution of well – adjustment through flow of fluid within drainage systems, storm drains or sewer for household purposes. This procedure is carried out in a natural way due to the design features of the product.
Control pit consists of the following elements:
- tray with a high margin of safety, equipped with stiffening ribs of the annular type;
- screw cap ensuring a tight closure of the well.
Overall, the design is very reliable and tight, thanks to the sturdy mounts and o-rings.
Price and sizes of plastic rings for septic tanks, trays and lids Radlex:
The name of the part (height/diameter, mm)Price, RUB. Cap (150/800)3050Основа (tray) (500/800)4300Кольцо (500/800)4300Удлиняющая neck (600/800)4512Кольцо (1000/800)8750
Properties cumulative plastic manholes for Sewerage
Cumulative or drain well is the most difficult with regard to the installation element, despite its standard structure in the form of a tray, the cover and main sections. His installation is at the lowest point of land where the water will drain.
Cumulative well filled from different sources:
- treatment facilities;
- drainage system;
- of septic tanks.
But in relation to the operation of such structures are simple. They do not need frequent cleaning.
A useful tip! For the arrangement of cumulative wells it is better to use a solid framework with adjustable volume due to the lengthening of sections. Water that accumulates over time in the design can be used for economic purposes, for example for filling of the reservoir or watering plants. In this case, can not do without the pump.
Price, sizes of plastic rings for septic tanks, lids and bases of Radlex:
The name of the part (height/diameter, mm)Price, RUB. Cap (150/800)3050Кольцо (500/800)4300Основа (1500/980)15600
Features of polymer wells for sewage
Precast polymer pit for sewage is made on the basis of plastic materials with a small addition of sand. The design is formed by the tongue/groove of the polymer rings. Due to this, elements of the well adjacent to each other as tight as possible so there is no need to perform additional sealing. Allowed the seams with silicone.
As the basis is used the bottom. The construction is made up of rings, with the top of them should be in the form of a cone, which has a closing hatch. The cost of such wells is quite high, but the opportunity to save on installation work and further operation.
The advantages of polymer products:
- reliability and high safety factor;
- light weight (maximum weight of any component is less than 60 kg);
- high resistance to static loads and mechanical properties;
- long service life (100 years);
- easy maintenance system;
- simple transportation and installation;
- high resistance to the adverse effects of moisture and low temperatures.
The price of polymer rings for septic tanks, bottoms and cones Poleks Layer:
The name of the part (height/diameter, mm)Price, RUB Ring (200/750)1120Днище (36/750)1120Конус (140/1000)1280Кольцо (200/1000)1280Днище (36/1000)1280Кольцо smooth (200/1000)1280Конус Luke (120/1000)1600
Polymer the structure of the wells is universal and can be used in various purposes. They are able to withstand pressures of up to 0.4 tons.
Buy optimal plastic container under a septic tank for sewage: the price of products
On the construction materials market you can buy plastic tanks for septic tanks of different volume and modifications. To create them using special production technology, which allows to obtain products with improved characteristics. This material is able to withstand the serious load in tension or compression, which gives the possibility of using polymer septic tanks without fear that the soil during frost heaving and movement can damage or deform the container.
Why it is profitable to buy a plastic container for the sewers under the septic tank:
- lightweight design allows you to transport by conventional passenger car;
- simple mounting system does not require the participation of specialists with the installation of a septic tank can handle together;
- low cost of the product;
- chemically inert to the negative influence of aggressive media, whereby the timing of an effective operational service is measured in tens of years.
A useful tip! To reliably and accurately perform the installation of the plastic container for waste, be sure to anchor to a concrete slab. In addition, you will need to create around the bowl of clay or concrete backfill. Due to this, the septic tank will remain in place and not float as float in the soil.
Among the disadvantages of plastic containers for waste can be noted their fragility under the influence of low temperatures. For this reason, specialists recommend to perform a backfill when installing design with the help of insulating material.
Features and price plastic containers for sewage: articles made of polypropylene
Polypropylene is made of polymers. Despite a similar basis, this material is much harder than plastic, thanks to the inclusion of emollients that increases the plasticity.
The unique composition of polypropylene has provided the products a lot of advantages:
- resistance to differences of temperatures;
- resistance to cracking due to temperature variations;
- long service life (about 100 years);
- tightness and water resistance, eliminating the possibility of contamination of water sources and drains;
- high resistance to the influence of steam sterilization systems and corrosive environments.
Articles made of polypropylene is endowed with thick walls in the range of 5-20 mm. in addition, the design includes the presence of ribs. These elements prevent a floating of the tank and provide additional strength.
The average price of a standard roll labels septic tanks Maple:
Madelineschannel, м3Габариты, (height/width/length), mana, RUB Clean-31880/910/120022000Клен-51,51100/1100/150030000Клен-5Н1,51100/1100195032000Клен-72,51500/1300/150040000Клен-7Н2,51500/1300/195044000
Features and price plastic septic tanks for sewage made of polyethylene
Plastic products are made from polymers with the addition of glass fiber strands. Due to this, the walls are well maintained such negative phenomena as the movement of soil and its swelling. Capacity to respond well to tension and smooth compression, but they are afraid of sharp blows. Force may damage the tank and cause a crack.
Advantages of polyethylene septic designs:
- the light weight of the product;
- a wide range of configurations, including spherical and square shapes;
- long term maintenance services (within 30-50 years);
- resistance to negative influence of aggressive media.
Like other plastic products, plastic containers are easily damaged under the influence of abrupt mechanical loads.
A useful tip! Choose the amount of drive be with that one person needs about 1 m3. Thus, for a family consisting of 4 or more people, you will need to purchase a plastic container for drainage 5000 l or 5 m3.
Average price of plastic products Poleks:
Dimensions (length/height excluding the neck), mmvmedicines, м3Толщина wall smana, RUB 1800/120021,8250002700/120031,8300003600/120041,8390002900/150052,5570003400/150062,5800004000/150072,5870004600/150082,595000
The choice of additional equipment for sewage treatment facilities
For purification of household sewage in a private house uses septic tanks, Autonomous sewer and other types of structures.
There are two types of drains:
- Black water from the toilet.
- Gray – processed liquid from kitchens, bathrooms, sinks, and appliances such as dishwashers or washing machines.
Sewer waste in the total volume of runoff accounts for about 30%. Most often, the waste fluid enters from the bathroom and washing. On average, one person consumes per day about 160-200 l of water. In most cases, to clean the system applies mechanical and biological purification method, as these technologies are considered the most practical, safe and affordable in price.
The cost and characteristics of sewer sewer riser in a private house
Sewage consists not only of the pipeline and holding tanks. For the effective functioning of the system will require additional communications equipment in the sewer riser. Such a pipe serves as a connecting element between the common line and the atmosphere. The main objective of the sewer riser is to provide ventilation within the system.
Pipe to drain sewage: characteristics and the specifics of the application
Types of products, their features and sizes, prices. Recommendations for selection of tube and drain the organization on the basis of their own hands.
The installation of the sewer pipe is necessary in the following cases:
- the sewer system is of an Autonomous type is near to residential buildings;
- the house has two or more floors, where supplied Sewerage and water supply;
- diameter sewer pipes is in the range of 50-110 mm;
- exploitation of a country house is accompanied by a simultaneous release of a large amount of wastewater, for example, if the site has a pool or any other type of aquatic equipment.
The sewer pipes are rigid, sliding, angled or straight shapes. Some of them are equipped with clamp, extension cords or transitional parts.
Average prices for the sewer pipe:
Type elementarily, mana, RUB Flexible труба110120Прямая труба110-180350Прямая труба110-250350Труба angle 22,5º110400Труба angle 45º110400Труба angle 90º110450Труба эксцентрик110450Прямая труба110-400450Труба at a 90º angle, equipped with check клапаном1103950Прямая tube, equipped with check клапаном110-4004650
Important! Sewer pipe must rise above the roof at least 50 cm is considered Optimum diameter of 110 mm items, although permitted, the use of parts other sizes. Pipe fitting should be done on the leeward side. It is desirable to focus on the wind rose.
Why do I need to buy a pump for pumping sewage prices and features of the equipment
The sewer system is organized in a country house, cannot function normally without regular cleaning of tanks for the storage type or run of drains in the direction of the Central collector. To effectively perform these tasks, experts advise to buy fecal pumps for pumping sewage. These devices represent the largest category of units, each of which focuses on certain conditions.
By type of installation there are the following types of pumps:
- submersible type;
- semi-submersible device;
- semi-submersible faecal pumps;
- pump installation for domestic purposes.
By staying on the particular type of installation in the first place should pay attention to the working voltage of the pump. Most often plots are supplied from the network 220 In, but there are systems with three phases. For such cases it is recommended to buy equipment designed for 380 V. the power Level when the pump selection is also important. In most cases, such equipment is operated under high loads, so rare to find a unit, whose power less than 400 watts.
The average price of sewage pumps for pumping sewage Dzhileks:
Modificationsof lifting water, glubina, moshnosti, Tzena, RUB Chugunok 140/6 5400682503300Фекальник 200/10 f 53011088804400Фекальник 230/8 5401885904400Фекальник 150/7N 5302785505900Фекальник 255/11 N 530311811006900
What is the machine for pumping sewage and its use
Special machinery designed for emptying a sewage system in the suburban area and transportation of waste for disposal, the septic system is called a machine. This type of equipment is used for cleansing cesspools, septic designs, and the overgrown ponds, e.g. ponds. Installed on the car the equipment is fully sealed. Due to this, the disposal of effluent is carried out in safe mode.
Equipment vacuum trucks consists of the following elements:
- a powerful pump;
- cumulative tank;
- signaling device;
There are several varieties of such machines, which differ on the principle of suction drains. In one embodiment, the emptying of sewage is carried out using intake manifold on the motor, in another embodiment, the pump applies a vacuum type. Recently appeared vlastnye vacuum trucks, which in addition to pumping the liquid capable of removing layers of silt.
Please note! Capacity vacuum trucks filled within 4-12 min. It depends on the capacity of the reservoir.
How to operate the machine for pumping sewage at their summer cottage
The principle of operation of vacuum machines is quite simple. Pumping equipment in the container forms a vacuum, causing the waste liquid is sucked through the hose. This process is controlled by special sensors. When the storage tank on the car filled to the limit line, the equipment sends the corresponding signal.
To make it effortless to pump out the Sewerage in the private house, you need to call the car with the appropriate characteristics. This type of equipment can have different settings of volume, processing capabilities, dimensions. There are no accepted standards, so it is best to produce equipment designed for emptying septic tank of a certain volume. The septic system capacity machines in the range of 3-15 m3.
Working capabilities displays the power level of the pump, the length of its flow and the rate of absorption of sewage. In most cases, you can restrict the call of a small car, such as GAS. If the sewage system in the suburban area is large enough and the capacity of the septic tanks, in such cases it is recommended to call the car KAMAZ.
In the design of the machine may be additional elements, through which opportunities are expanding. Some modifications septic system machines equipped with two barrels or have a tank of water.
How to pump the Sewerage in the private house: the price for the services
If time to clean the sewer system in the future, you can save money on its repair. The smaller size of the car, the cheaper the cost of services for the pumping. The smallest tank equipped with GAS, its capacity is 2 m3. This type of septic system the machine is able to cope with pumping of one concrete ring. In most cases, gardeners use GAS with a tank capacity of 4 m3.
Important! Machine with a capacity of 4 m3 and more must be able to drive as close as possible to the place of pumping. The maximum distance is 16 m from the hatch.
The cost of services for the pumping of sewage depends on the following factors:
- the volume of wastewater that needs to be drained;
- distance suburban area;
- the depth of the reservoir;
- features of entrance to the manhole for pumping, its remoteness;
- time of work;
- additional procedures that want to implement the client.
The average cost of pumping 1 m3 of wastewater with subsequent export for disposal is about 300 rubles Minimum amount of work per call is equal to 4 m3. Price for 1 hour of work septic system equipment is about 1800 rubles.
In some cases, a challenge of special equipment:
- tank filled and on the site there was an unpleasant smell;
- in the taps, the pressure dropped;
- the liquid in the water system rusty;
- observed turbidity in the well;
- the storm system drains clogged or not properly performing its function.
On comfort and service life of sewers is influenced by many factors. For this reason, it is important to calculate the system parameters and to select relevant elements. Moreover, it is not only the quality of the installation, but also timely treatment for Sewerage, cleaning and maintenance. Only in this case, the system is able to last for the whole term stated by the manufacturer.