Thanks to a combination of mechanical and translucent properties of the profile and polycarbonate greenhouses made of these materials, are widely popular. Construction of a greenhouse, even a small starts with the development of the project. You can use ready-made drawings and diagrams, presented online, or, armed with patience, to develop the necessary sketches themselves. Drawings polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands out shaped tubes will help accurately calculate the necessary amount of elements for construction, to avoid possible errors and to keep from pointless waste of material.
- 1 Building a greenhouse with his hands. Kinds of designs of greenhouses and polytunnels
- 2 Types of profiles for greenhouses with his own hands made of polycarbonate. Photo examples of frameworks
- 3 Design of greenhouses polycarbonate: dimensions, prices polycarbonate sheet
- 4 the Construction of the Foundation under a greenhouse of profile pipes with your hands
- 5 of the Drawings polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands from a shaped tube
- 5.1 Arched greenhouse polycarbonate with their hands: drawings, photos, materials, sketches
- 5.2 drawings of the frame of the greenhouse with a gable roof
- 5.3 Projects and seasonal greenhouses
- 5.4 design Features of the greenhouse-bins
- 5.5 Drawings of greenhouses of various types
Build a greenhouse with his hands. Kinds of designs of greenhouses and polytunnels
Before developing the drawings frame greenhouse from a profile pipe, it is necessary to determine the model of the greenhouse. One polycarbonate greenhouses to choose? Design polytunnels and greenhouses can be ground or recessed, with Foundation or without him. Taking into account the possibility to create a profile of a variety of designs, there are several basic forms of frames for greenhouses:
- an arched (semi-circular, arcuate) shape — the roof of this design has a semicircular shape, which allows winter snow to linger on the surface of the greenhouse. Installation is simple and the ability to use all of its space under a relatively high culture;
- gable design — a traditional form with a gable roof. This design is more complex to assemble and requires the arrangement of a powerful frame. It can be used for the cultivation of plants of various heights;
- shed construction — these greenhouses are most often attached to an existing structure (house or summer kitchen), allow you to save some space on a country or a plot. This design saves material and has good insulation. A significant plus is the proximity communications. Lean-to greenhouses can be installed in a separate structure;
- the tent or dome structure, a unique structure with excellent ability to withstand external factors: snow and wind load. Have maximum illumination and can become a memorable decoration for any backyard;
- greenhouse frog model polycarbonate greenhouses with opening top. This design resembles the shape of a breadbox. Might open one or two sides. Has convenient access for plant care may open fully the lid to provide ventilation in hot weather. Usually is small in size, used as a greenhouse, can be easily moved to a new convenient location on the site;
Drawings polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands from a shaped tube must take into account all the features of the selected form structure. As an example, you can use existing online photos of greenhouses with their hands.
The types of profiles for greenhouses with his own hands made of polycarbonate. Photo examples of frameworks
To build frameworks of greenhouses and polytunnels we use different kinds of materials. It can be wood, plastic or metal profile. Often there are models made of hat profile, profile for gypsum Board, aluminium profile. Each type of profile pipe has specific properties and its application is conditioned by the mode of operation of the greenhouse. For lighter seasonal options you can use plastic or galvanized steel profile.
In buildings planned to be used throughout the year, usually apply the material with high strength as the supporting structure must withstand the additional load in the form of a pressure cap of snow or strong winds.
The popularity of the application profile pipe for the structural frame of the greenhouse is due to the following properties:
- thanks to the stiffening ribs, the tubes have a good resistance to loads and not deform under their action;
- low cost profile;
- light weight;
- choosing the right tube allows you to build any type of frame structure;
- simple process of installation;
- high durability in all climatic conditions.
The size of the cross section profile pipes used in a particular design, determines the functions assigned to the profile: the stronger must be the frame, the greater the cross-section is used. In the drawings of greenhouses of profile pipes with dimensions 2×6 meters takes into account the cross-section for frame crates 20 x 40 mm, for a bunch of design elements — 20×20 mm.
A useful tip! Rectangular sectional shape shaped tube allows you to conveniently mount the pipe on a flat surface and easily fix them covering the greenhouse without fear of slipping out of screws (unlike the tubes round shape).
If the selected design of the frame of the shaped tube has a semicircular shape, be aware that when bending the pipe, the main burden will fall on the edge of the pipe, while the mid profile will not warp. In this sense, the profile of the pipe is successfully used for arched structures. The only question in the presence of a special device for bending pipes (bending). It should be noted that during manual bending to obtain geometrically correct the shape of an arc is difficult.
If you do not have in the presence of bending, it is recommended to stop the choice on a rectangular frame with a gable or shed roof. Running a greenhouse frame of profile pipes of 20*20 with your own hands (drawings, photos of the finished structures you can find on niche sites). Calculations, drawings and diagrams of the frames will help to calculate the required number of profiles and to avoid the acquisition of unnecessary material.
Developing his own hands the drawings of the frame for the greenhouse from a profile pipe, it is recommended to take into account standard length of the implemented profiles. The size of the greenhouse are selected so that when cutting the required lengths less waste.
Designing greenhouses polycarbonate: dimensions, prices polycarbonate sheet
The use of polycarbonate to cover the greenhouses was made possible thanks to a number of properties of this material. Polycarbonate sheets lend themselves well to cutting, they can easily be bent to the desired shape, they are durable and resistant to deformation. In addition, the ability to transmit sunlight and protection from ultraviolet radiation promote healthy growth of crops.
The thickness of the polycarbonate sheet to cover greenhouse is selected based on the season of operation. If you intend to use the greenhouse only from spring to autumn, sufficient thickness 5-10 mm. For heated structures, operating year-round, use a sheet with a thickness of 15 mm. Price per square meter sheet of polycarbonate, depending on the thickness and structure of cells, ranging from 150 to 700 rubles.
When developing your own hands drawings of greenhouses made of polycarbonate, you should consider some features:
- dimensions of standard sheets for covering and economical cutting;
- the extension of a material under action of temperature;
- possible radius of bending of the leaves to half-round shapes;
- the ability to withstand the load from exposure to external environmental factors;
- there are a number of components: connecting rod, perforated strips, end profiles, thermal washers, screws.
Standard width of polycarbonate sheet is 2.1 m. the Ribs are arranged along the sheet. Creating your own hands the drawings of greenhouses made of polycarbonate (video messaging technology coverage) you need to consider that the edges of the sheets should be placed on supports from the profile.
You must also take into account that the distance between the uprights shall be equal to 1.05 m or 0.7 M. A carbonate sheets back to back, linking special connecting straps. Fastening by means of screws with practical application for sealed joints.
A useful tip! In the drawings provide the right choice of the distance between the vertical posts and the horizontal crosspieces of the frame. This is the key to the structural strength of the polycarbonate greenhouses.
The diagrams also takes into account the presence of gaps in the matching plates of polycarbonate on the plane and in the corners. Holes for screws must be made of larger diameter, considering the thermal expansion of the material. If this is not taken into account, the coating may warp under high temperature in summer, and frost can and does occur rupture of plastic.
A very important aspect in the design is the location of the cellular polycarbonate sheet. Panel must be installed in such a way that the cells (cells) was vertical and the condensate could drain freely through the channels of the sheet outward.
The construction of the Foundation under a greenhouse of profile pipes with your hands
To have an idea about the specific costs of materials for the construction, drawings of greenhouses of the shaped tube should display the presence or absence of Foundation under it. Regardless of whether to build the Foundation, is the markup and site preparation for construction. At this stage, a significant role is played by the choice of the place reserved for the greenhouse. It should be well publicized, to stay away from the garden trees and have a location that takes into account the predominant direction of wind flow.
A useful tip! During the construction of polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands out of profile tubes elongated, it is recommended to install it in the direction from East to West. The window for ventilation in the gable option of a greenhouse on the South side.
The most common types of foundations for greenhouses are wooden frame from boards, boxes of wood, strip Foundation small penetration, columnar and point foundations. Choosing one or another Foundation, you must consider the weight and size of the future greenhouse design, its functionality and the coating material.
If the greenhouse has a light structure and covered by plastic film, no need to arrange under it the substantial Foundation. During the construction of the column base is taken into account the fact that this option is quite economical, but the greenhouse is not protected against ingress of cold air.
If the base of the greenhouses are used pieces of wood, you must consider treatment of their antiseptic compounds and waterproofing. This will help prolong the life of wooden base to 5-6 years. In the case of metal channels, they are subjected to anti-corrosion treatment.
In diagrams and drawings of polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands from a shaped tube reflects the size of the perimeter of the trench for strip Foundation, its depth and width. As a rule, the depth of the ditch under the tape base is 30-40 cm, and the height of the base is 20-25 cm.
The project provides the required volume of solution (in the case of the pouring of the Foundation) or the number of bricks (blocks), if it is assumed the brick ground. In addition, the calculation includes the necessary elements for fixing the frame of the greenhouse to the Foundation: angles, brackets, hardware.
Under construction of greenhouses, built from light profile, Foundation is not arranged. In the project, such structures increase the length of the profile frame at 80 cm from both sides. These parts of the profile driven into the ground and, thus, serve as a support structure.
All calculations stated in the draft, helps to Orient in the exact volume of purchased materials and determine the cost of construction of the greenhouse.
Drawings polycarbonate greenhouses with their hands from a shaped tube
After choosing a basis for the greenhouse, begin to develop the drawing of a greenhouse with his hands. Video materials on this topic will help to understand the construction details.
Arched greenhouse polycarbonate with their hands: drawings, photos, materials, sketches
Arch structures are ideal for small country greenhouses and massive greenhouses intended for commercial purposes.
Greenhouse from plastic pipes with their hands. The Assembly is of lightweight construction. The advantages of plastic frames. Form of construction and coating materials. The phased construction of the greenhouse.
Answering the question how to make a greenhouse of profile pipes with your hands, you can safely say that the primary is the development of drawings and preparation of a correct calculation. Greenhouses from pipes in the form of an arch have their own design features. The main determining factors are the height of the structure and dimensions of the standard sheets of the coating. Polycarbonate sheets are traditionally implemented with the parameters 6 x 2.1 m sheet Length of 6 m will limit the height of the arched design.
To obtain an arcuate shape, the sheet is placed in the transverse (relative to the frame) position. In this case, the radius of the semicircle will be 1.90 m and a width of 3.80 m. design Given geometric formulas, the height of the greenhouse is equal to the radius, i.e., 1.90 m. the height of the greenhouse is not suitable for everyone.
To greenhouse arch shape had a height that meets your needs, you can resort to the arrangement of the cap. Moreover, by staying at the height of the plinth in one meter, you can get the width of the greenhouse to 2.4 m and the overall height of the entire structure to be increased to 2.2 m. Correctly specifying the basic dimensions of the greenhouse, you can develop drawings and sketches for production greenhouses of profile pipes with their hands.
Another feature of the arched shapes of the frames is that the profile is required to be bent in the desired shape. If there is no special machine for bending pipes, you can buy ready-made arched profiles or create an arched shape from a small length of line segments, connected by metal plates.
To design a small (4-5 m) arched greenhouse is enough two arcuate frames: start and end. In the case when the length of the greenhouse of 6 m or more, calculated the required number of reference frames, which must be a multiple of the thickness of the polycarbonate sheet. In a separate schema specifies the dimensions of window and doorway.
A useful tip! When choosing the width of the greenhouse it is necessary to consider the number of beds, planned it, and the device paths between them. A convenient width to handle up to 0,7 m.
Then the drawing is developed, clarifying the features of the mounting cover greenhouses polycarbonate with their hands (the video will help in detail to understand the process) showing the step of binding. It must take into account that panels polycarbonate greenhouses arch type should be placed ribs along the arc.
It is also necessary to consider that the bending radius of the polycarbonate sheets shall not be less than prescribed by the manufacturer for this material. Polycarbonate sheets with the ends shall be closed with tape. For clarity, you can use a selection of photos of greenhouses made of polycarbonate.
Drawings of the frame of the greenhouse with a gable roof
Projects greenhouses with a gable roof provide for the implementation of the frame of the greenhouse with their hands out of profile tube 40*20 mm. This profile will be able to withstand significant load in the form of snow caps or gusty winds.
In the drawings shows the diagram of the carrier frame, including dimensions of walls, the angle of the roof, which traditionally set the ventilation vents. If you plan greenhouse is small, you can provide the option with catslide roof, one edge of which will be situated above the other, providing water runoff and snow melt.
The angle of inclination of rafters in the gable roof design is 25-30 degrees. This bias will contribute to a descent of precipitation from the surface. The roof is quite shallow and does not require the arrangement of a truss system auxiliary cuts.
In constructions of this type assumes the use of a more durable (20h40) for the main pillars and Foundation, rafters and ridge beams. For horizontal jumpers it is possible to apply the core tube 20×20. Drawings provides for the location of the vertical struts in increments of one meter. Also note that in the case of coating the greenhouses with polycarbonate sheets, docking lines should have on the profile. Rafters also have a distance not exceeding one meter from each other.
The design of the greenhouse with a gable roof has certain characteristics. It will be necessary to closely approach the cutting of the polycarbonate sheet under the Gables. If all the sizes are designed according to the drawings, it will lead to economical expenditure of polycarbonate.
Projects seasonal greenhouses
The construction of greenhouses seasonal not impose specific requirements on reliability and durability. Drawings of these designs are easy to develop and do not involve complex calculations. The frames of greenhouses can be constructed from lightweight profile of the pipe and the coating material can serve as a plastic film or thin sheets of polycarbonate. As a rule, light greenhouses do not develop a Foundation.
Type of frame seasonal greenhouse does not really matter — the main criteria are ease of Assembly and budget construction cost. A few guidelines will help to avoid mistakes in the construction of small greenhouses:
- in the development of the drawings and sketches should take into account the presence of vents at different levels. This will contribute to the quality ventilation of the greenhouse;
- fixing of polycarbonate sheet should be carried out by means of the fastening profile, which doesn’t damage plastic surface. In addition, they can be easily removed at the end of the season, eliminating the possibility of deformation of the light frame of the greenhouse;
- the project should be an easy disassembly of the frame for transfer to other place or storage for the winter.
Design features of the greenhouse-bins
The main advantages of a greenhouse-the bins are:
- unusual ergonomic design;
- the minimum number of connecting lines;
- control of ventilation of the greenhouse by opening the lid to the desired angle up to 90 degrees;
- easy to assemble and full use of the greenhouse area.
The drawing of such greenhouses provides top design frame of two poludov, which are fixed to the base on hinges. The frame of the greenhouse is performed from a shaped tube of small section. The radii of the covers chosen given the fact that they can open without interfering with each other. The difference in diameter is equal to the width of polycarbonate sheet — this ensures no gaps when closed.
A useful tip! Given the fact that small greenhouses are usually used for cultivation of seedlings, which requires a special microclimate, it is recommended to use for coating polycarbonate with protection from UV radiation. The percentage retention of heat from such material is much higher than that of plastic film.
The dimensions of the greenhouse are selected individually. The length can be from 3 to 4 meters, height is not more than one meter. Width is taken into account, how to open a greenhouse on one or two sides. For the unilateral opening of the greenhouse is wise to choose a width of 0.7-1.2 m, to be comfortable to take care of the seedlings.
Drawings of greenhouses of various types
There is an option of simple greenhouses of light metal profiles. Going such a greenhouse without a Foundation. As the basis acts from tying a thin profile. Drawings can display different forms and parameters of these greenhouses.
Going light structure on the principle of design. The only minus — thin frame with light weight and can be deformed easily. In this regard, in the scheme reflect the distance between the uprights is not more than 0.5 m. the joints of the frame members together is carried out using tees and crosses, and fixing to the piping is performed by fastening the “glass”.
The design of the greenhouse from easy profile, you can collect any form with a gable or shed roof. For giving structural rigidity and strength possible in the project to provide for the application of the profile of aluminum and the arrangement of one type of Foundation: brick, stone or concrete.
Aluminium profile, you can collect the greenhouse gable construction with internal struts (inclined racks installed), which will provide the building the required stiffness. The disadvantage of this design is that due to the sloping struts decreases the usable space inside the greenhouse. This framework can also be customized size and placed on a Foundation or on a prepared surface area.
Possessing specific knowledge and using existing drawings, you can independently develop the project and build on the plot greenhouse of any shape and of different sizes, using different available to you materials.