Any owner wants to give the appearance of your home presentable appearance. There are a large number of coating materials. Perhaps the most rugged and durable of them is the brick. They lined the house look much richer and more serious than similar metal sheeting materials. Not long ago, the industry produced only red and white bricks. Modern technology has allowed to produce these products with various colors. You can choose the desired color and appearance of brick, but how not to get lost in their diversity? Who could show finishes for the facade facing bricks? These questions arise in each host.
- 1 to Show the finishes for the facade facing bricks: types and characteristics
- 1.1 Clinker
- 1.2 Tribopressed brick
- 1.3 Ceramic brick
- 2 Existing methods of masonry
- 3 the Procedure for construction of facing wall of the house
- 3.1 Installation of the thermal insulating layer
- 3.2 Proportions of mortar for bricklaying
- 3.3 Brickwork facing bricks
- 4 Advantages and disadvantages of bricks (video)
Show finishes for the facade facing bricks: types and characteristics
The diversity of bricks can be attributed to its three main types:
They all have their own features of production and application.
Production technology of clinker is based on the firing of a special type of clay with high plasticity. It pressed and produce high-temperature firing until until baking. Colored dyes from natural raw materials may be added, as in the firing process, and at the stage of kneading the mass. It is noteworthy that the color of the finished product depends on the temperature and duration of roasting.
Due to the fact that the clinker production takes place at very high temperature, its strength is very high. Bricks and tiles produced by this technology even pave the roads and area. Resistance to aggressive influence of the external environment makes this material indispensable for use in places with high humidity. Walls made of such material capable of withstanding more than 100 years. The disadvantage of clinker — high cost. It is more than 2 times higher than that of ceramic bricks.
Strictly speaking, this material is more correctly called artificial stone. It is produced by dry pressing granular components. These include crushed limestone, cement, and dyes. All this is mixed and pressed to the required shape. Then, the workpieces are aged from 3 to 7 days trays go on sale.
Hyperpressed brick has the following advantages:
- High strength.
- The moisture resistance.
- Weakly susceptible to wear.
- Easily tolerate changes in temperature.
- Excellent decorative features. Features various colors and types of surfaces. Some types of successfully mimic natural stone.
When using Hyper-pressed facing bricks for the facade, to show the finishes of geometrically complex architectural forms of any owner of such a facility. This is possible due to the ease of machining of the material. The disadvantages of this bricks include high cost and a greater mass than the other types.
This type of brick is made from special grades of clay. The formed workpiece is dried and fired at temperatures from 1000 to 1200 degrees. Thanks to this ceramic brick has sufficient strength and frost resistance. He’s got the right shape with smooth edges. The surface of the faces is flat or raised.
This is the most common type of brick. Due to the relatively low cost, it is used not only for facade, but also for fences and interior walls that do not require further refinement. It has the disadvantage of moisture penetration into the brick structure, which leads to the exit surface of salt, creating a whitish bloom.
Existing methods of masonry
There are only two ways of laying bricks:
- Method 1 – joint, involving the bond between a lining and an ordinary layer. Large not popular, as it implies the presence of an excess amount of bonded bricks on the outside, which reduces decorative appeal. This option is only applicable masonry in the construction of new housing.
- Method 2 – separate, in which a facing layer is within walking distance from the load-bearing walls. Communication with them is carried out through anchors and fittings made of metal. This method gives the opportunity to insulate the walls and create ventilation between the layers.
It is important that the construction of the lining wall was designed in advance. There are situations when it is necessary to impose with a brick already built house. In this case, you need to pour the Foundation for a bearing surface.
A useful tip! When building a new home, it is necessary to foresee the possibility of erecting a brick facing walls, as in the future may receive such a desire, even if you close the facade siding.
The order of construction of facing wall of the house
Before proceeding to the house is faced with brick, it is necessary to calculate the need for materials. If for insulation, make it easy enough, how many bricks in 1 m2 of masonry is more difficult to assess. The area of a single product is defined as the product of its length and its height. It turns out 0,01625 m2. Since cladding walls are usually built with masonry “in a half-brick”, to fill 1 m2 will require 61,538 PCs Need to take into account the thickness of the seams, which average 9 mm. Given this, consumption of brick is reduced to 52 pieces per 1 m2. Knowing this, we can calculate the entire area of the walls minus the area of openings and the resulting number multiplied by 52. Subject to error and the inevitable “fight” of the material, to the final number we need to add another 5 to 10%, depending on the volume of construction.
Installation thermal insulating layer
After all the calculations and the purchase of material to start work. First, pour the Foundation to the required width. Then proceed to the installation of the thermal insulating layer. As insulation material can be plates of mineral wool or foam. The joints between the foam propisivat foam. To the bearing walls the insulation is fixed using special anchors, which also serve as an intermediate role between the wall and the facing brickwork. On top of a heater it is necessary to fix the vapor barrier film which prevents condensation.
The proportions of mortar for bricklaying
To avoid drying, the solution is prepared is not much. It can be purchased in the store and to do according to the attached instructions. You can also prepare it yourself. This requires cement, sand and water. If necessary, the mixture can be added to the dye the desired color. To the consistency was optimal, it is necessary to observe the following proportions of mortar for bricklaying:
- To prepare a mark solution 100 is taken one part of cement M400 and four parts sand. For elasticity add 100 gr. detergent.
- If you are using cement M500, to obtain the same solution should one part cement 5 parts sand.
- If you need a more dense solution of 200 brands, it is one part of cement M400 and two parts sand.
The viscosity and plasticity of the resulting mass should be convenient for the implementation of works. It is governed by the amount of water.
The laying of bricks
For strictly horizontal wall used building level. Initially, each layer is stacked without mortar to detect abnormal and damaged bricks. Then applied the mortar to the brick edges was no more than 1-1,5 see To do this, use a special template. The bricks are stacked so that the vertical joints was not more than 10 mm horizontal and 12 mm. It is governed by a special device or bar of the desired thickness.
In contact with the solution on the front part, it must be removed. The same thing is done if it got into the space between the bearing wall and the cladding.
A useful tip! To create the ventilation necessary to leave some of the vertical seams are not filled or use multiple grids instead of bricks.
Doing the work on facing your own home with a brick will save significant financial resources.
Advantages and disadvantages of bricks (video)