The desire to decorate and highlight your yard peculiar to any person. And if in the conditions typical of urban development make it difficult, in a private house and, especially, in the country everything is limited only by the imagination and financial possibilities of the owner of the site. And what could be easier than to decorate it with flowers and greenery? The more that you can make the beds from stones with their hands. Photos flower beds of brick will be an indispensable tool in the design of your garden.
1 Beds of stones with his own hands: photo-examples of materials, types of beds 1.1 Materials for decoration of flower beds with rocks 1.2 Types of flower beds of stone 2 Creating beds of stones with his own hands. Photos flower beds of brick 2.1 How to make a bed of stones with their hands 2.2 Beds of brick with his own hands: photo examples of the best ideas and tips on construction
Beds of stones with his own hands: photo-examples of materials, types of beds
The big advantage of the beds of stone and brick is their relative affordability. Certain types of materials usually are low cost, and most of the work can be carried out independently. And the flowerbed of brick or stone will become a bright accent in the garden design, harmoniously fit into any style.
Natural stone is durable, environmentally friendly, resistant to chemicals and extremely aesthetic. He is not afraid of differences of temperatures, that opens great opportunities for its use in garden design. However, a serious disadvantage is often its high cost.
Materials to design flower beds with rocks
For flower beds you can use a variety of materials:
Limestone has a nice natural color light gray, white, yellowish-cream, blue, pink shades, allowing you to create interesting garden compositions. Due to its porous structure material is not protected from the aggressive effects of wind and water, but cracks are often filled with soil and used for planting of various plants (especially groundcover and mosses).
A huge number of shades (white, red, purple, pink, orange, gray, brown, black), high strength and amazing ease in handling different volcanic tuff – a type of limestone. The most common use for artificial terraces, or beds near water bodies.
The porous structure characteristic of the Sandstone. It well passes air and a moisture, but fairly quickly loses its original form and disintegrates. However, it is widely used in garden design due to the large variety of colors (from gray to reddish and sand) and beautiful structure. Look particularly impressive rubble stones and boulders.
When making flower beds often use slate. A distinctive feature of this mineral is its peculiar layered structure and the property to be divided into separate plate. Fencing for flower beds it can last for decades while retaining its original appearance and characteristic luster. Despite the high cost, slate is very popular among landscape designers. He’s extremely flexible, completely waterproof, not afraid of no fungi, no chemicals or temperature changes. As a rule, oil shale (especially klubnyak) used for making raised beds.
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Granite is not afraid of moisture, no frost, serves for decades and is strikingly beautiful. Its disadvantages include a very high cost and the tendency to acidify the soil. The latter are taken into account when choosing plants, as a result, the scope of application of the stone is rather limited.
Quartzite reflects light, that the surface shines and shimmers in the sun. A rich palette allows commonly used mineral in landscape design. Solid basalt is often used for strengthening of slopes and artificial terraces.
Widely used in the garden design pebbles. Neat appearance, great selection of colors and low cost make it possible not just to protect a flower bed, but to make it a true work of art. Often pebbles are used to create the contour of the flower beds. For strength design, the material is usually spread on the cement mortar.
The types of flower beds of stone
There are many types of flower beds of stones. Photos on the Internet and the specialized literature gives a detailed description and interesting ideas on the arrangement of each of them, whether:
- an ordinary bed;
- a raised flowerbed;
- Alpine slide;
- terraced slope;
- Japanese garden stones;
Ordinary flowerbed is a small-size enclosed by a border land, as a rule, clear geometric forms (round, square, rectangular, oval). The kerb can be laid out in stones in single or multiple layers.
A raised flowerbed is not only bright and stylish accent in garden design, but also serves a very practical task. This design allows you to grow flowers in areas with poor soil, and significantly increase the usable area on small plots (especially multi-tiered raised beds).
To care for plants on a raised bed is easier because it is protected from weeds and many pests, and because of the height of the whole structure there is no need to bend over to reach the plants. A raised bed is easier to create suitable conditions for flowers and shrubs with the specific requirements to soil, for example, hydrangeas and conifers that only grow in acidic soils.
Important! Such beds have their drawbacks. It is a fundamental building demanding financial expenses and careful planning. The soil it dries out faster, but this problem can be solved by installing a drip irrigation system.
The original decision for the suburban area will be the installation of gabions – beds of the grid and stones. This design feature allows us to give a flower bed any shape. Gabion eco-friendly, durable, provide good soil drainage and do not require large money expenses. With a certain experience it is possible to construct yourself.
Rockeries or rocky hill, is a group of picturesquely scattered in a small area of large stones of different size but of the same breed (usually shale or limestone). This is done to simulate a mountain meadow. Large stones for flower beds digged in the earth into the ground for greater stability, and next scattered pebbles. Against this background, looks perfect dwarf shrubs and creeping plants (Heather, juniper, dwarf spruce, arborvitae, Sedum, miscanthus).
A rockery is often confused Alpine slide. A rockery is on a plane, and the Alpine slide is a complex multistage design, the center of which is usually set large boulder, and around the smaller stones, which are planted different mountain (or similar ones) plants with well developed root system.
The terraced slope of erecting walls of various shapes and heights, made from crushed stone (quartz, granite, basalt), sometimes with the addition of Sandstone or limestone.
Japanese rock garden consists of rounded, often moss-covered boulders, located at a distance from each other. Its peculiarity is the predominance of stones, boulders and pebbles. Plants are planted, but in very small quantities.
Arabesque is a regular flower garden with unusual shapes (in the form of an animal or insect, usually a butterfly) with a strict symmetrical plantings of low carpet plants.
Creating flower beds from stones with their hands. Photos flower beds of brick
Detailed photo and video instructions on how to create a bed of stone with his own hands (as well as from bricks and other improvised) can be found on the Internet. They are specific to each type of material, type of beds, conditions and topography of the site. However, there are General rules of laying the flower bed, which must also be complied with.
How to make a bed of stones with their hands
First of all, it is necessary to consider the light level, and humidity level. And, on this basis, to choose not only plant varieties, but the type of beds. For example, when a high groundwater table or regular water stagnation in the plot is to abandon ordinary beds and prefer raised beds or gabions.
It is also important the location of the flower beds. Under no circumstances will the flower bed should not impede the free movement of the plot or watering plants. This also depends on the kind of beds. Thus, the gabions look best along walls and fences. The Alpine slide is appropriate only to place on a slight slope, like Arabesk, because the height difference will allow a good look at the intricate ornament. And in the middle of the garden is to place a raised flower bed.
A useful tip! Before commencing any work it is necessary to draw a sketch of the future flower garden, make a marking on the plot, calculate the desired amount of material, carefully remove the top layer of soil and to separate it from the lower layers.
The easiest option is ordinary flowerbed with a border. It is on the perimeter of the flower bed, dig a trench, fill it with gravel and top set larger stones, slightly pushing them into the ground.
For laying raised beds requires Foundation. It is necessary to dig a trench to a depth of 25 cm, put it with cobblestones or pebbles and compacted. With cement mortar external walls laid out flower beds, while to arrange them it is necessary with a slight slope inward and very close to each other. Are laid on top of the smooth stones and the gap is filled with cement or small stones. Upon completion of all work can be filled with a drainage layer, then soil, to let it settle, and then plant the plants.
For rockeries, you can use a smooth area, and you can make a small artificial hill. Special attention should be paid to rocks and boulders, and pebbles should be well combined with each other.
For the rock garden slope is also required. First it is necessary to remove the upper fertile layer of soil, tamp the soil, lay drainage and sprinkle it fertile soil. The laying of the stones should be implemented in the fall to rainfall and bad weather gave them to sink. So Alpine slide will become as natural as possible. It is important to leave in the stonework and earthen pockets, into which later the plants will be planted.
Gabions can be set independently. The easiest option is square or rectangular gabions, for which you can use ready made from anti-corrosion wire mesh.
Beds of brick with his own hands: photo examples of the best ideas and tips on construction
Despite its simplicity and the simplicity of the flower beds of brick, and have undoubted advantages. Such beds do not require significant costs, as for bookmarks you can use the material left over from the repair or construction of the country house or outbuildings. In this case, even the advantage, the house and the garden is made of the same material will look on the site. Especially for beds you can even use fragments of the bricks, or what was left after the demolition of the building.
Work on such a bed even for a inexperienced Builder, it will only need bricks, sand, gravel (or crushed stone), cement, twine and a pair of peg. As in the construction of beds of stone it is necessary to select a suitable place to draw a sketch, to partition land, to remove soil and dig a shallow trench.
The trench is filled with sand, compacted, then a layer of gravel or crushed stone (he is also a drainage). It is also well tamped. After that comes a layer of bricks.
A useful tip! It is possible not to seal the cement first two rows of bricks. This will ensure a normal flow of water and protect plants from root rot.
Found another way to build a flower bed out of brick (photo on the Internet often describe it). Instead of a pillow of sand, the bottom of the trench along the perimeter of the flower bed is filled with a 5 cm layer of concrete. After solidification laid with cement mortar bricks, the first layer of bricks laid below ground level and in the lower layer, also bonded by the mortar, leaving gaps for water drainage. You need to check the accuracy of the masonry level. Wall beds, as in the case of stone it is recommended to slightly tilt inward. After laying the walls of the flowerbeds leave it for a few days and the solution set.
You should not rush into planting flowers immediately after the laying of the soil. The ground need to shed and leave for 10 days to make sure she settled. And only after that you can start planting.
These simple guidelines will not only easy to decorate the suburban area, but also to create optimal conditions for healthy and proper growth of flowers and gardens for many years.