Paving is one of the most popular building material, widely used for different purposes. It can help to decorate the garden paths on the plot, to lay a sidewalk, Parking lot or Playground. Form for paving his own hands made relatively easy and allows you to save on the purchase of materials.
- 1. the Popular materials for making molds
- 1.1 Wooden shape
- 1.2 Patterns of gypsum
- 1.3 details of the production pattern plastic
- 1.4 Creating silicone molds for paving slabs
- 1.5 Template from polyurethane
- 2 Form for paving your own hands: photo-manual
- 2.1 material for the manufacture of paving slabs
Popular materials for making molds
To make a form for self-tint of paving slabs is relatively easy. This can be used various materials:
Inside self-made forms for paving his own hands poured the concrete. In order to not stick to the walls, the inner side of the template must be lubricated. This purpose can be used sunflower oil or palm oil, special lubricants or just fat. The important point here is to prevent staining of white mortar in other colors, so if you plan to do a light tile, do not use dyes lubricants.
Let us consider the specifics of the production of moulds for paving slabs with their hands out of different materials.
Forms for the tiles of wood are made on the basis of the formwork. To create them it suffices to take the wooden slats or moisture resistant plywood, cut the material into segments of a desired length and join them together with nails. Mount must be free running so that when the solution dries, they can be easily removed individually.
Form for tiles of wood is good because to make it in a few minutes, it does not take a lot of energy and practically does not require a financial investment. Alas, the downsides of this option more than the pros. First, the tree does not tolerate regular moisture, and this design will last for a small amount of castings. Secondly, with wooden slats can assemble the frame the most basic of configurations, but to create complex shapes they will not fit.
Paving slabs for paths in the country. Prices, types and styles. Photos of tracks in a country house, paved with paving slabs. The right choice of products. Tips for laying tiles with their hands.
Creating wood forms is:
If you need to quickly and with minimal cost to cast a dozen or two square or polygonal tiles, the shape of wood is the best option. Otherwise, you will have to use other materials.
Templates from plaster
Gypsum is another inexpensive and easy-to-handle material for the manufacture of molds for tiles with their hands. Its peculiarity is that plaster can make the template absolutely any shape, so your design imagination will not be limited.
For casting you will need a plaster mixture and a sample of the tiles you will leak. The tile surface is carefully processed lubricant, so it did not stick to the plaster, then it is placed inside a wooden formwork.
A useful tip! In order that the plaster doesn’t mix ahead of time, you must dilute it before pouring.
That plaster form was stronger in the mix can add a plasticizer or cement. The template will withstand a greater number of castings and will not crack over time. The resulting liquid mass is poured into the formwork to a height of a few centimeters. Despite the fact that plaster mortar solidifies quite quickly, it is recommended to wait a day to dry completely.
The plaster template is good that displays the entire surface of the original. So if you’re interested in how to make a form for paving so that it was possible to cast a product with a large number of small parts, the option with the gypsum you will be fine. The disadvantage of this pattern is its fragility. A plaster mold is easy to break or damage the other way. This lack kompensiruet simplicity and cheapness of manufacture the new.
The subtleties of the production pattern plastic
Plastic template is one of the most reliable and durable options. It stands about 1000 fills, will not crack or lose shape with time. Plastic allows with high accuracy to transfer the geometry of the original surface, so that it is convenient to use in the case of tiles of irregular shape.
Made form plastic with a wooden frame which is filled with melted plastic. To create a template you will need the following tools and materials:
- bricks or planks of wood. Their length should be 2 cm larger than the intended size of the tiles;
- nails or screws for fastening between the parts of a frame;
- screwdriver or a hammer;
- building level to test planes;
- plastic die casting;
How to make a mold for paving slabs made of plastic? You need to perform the following sequence of actions:
The resulting pattern of plastic to be little different from the form that you can buy in a store building materials, and its production will cost you much cheaper. In addition, the geometry of the surface of the tiles can be any. You can make not one, but several patterns at once in order to fill in a few options of tiles.
A useful tip! Plastic template can be filled not only in the wooden frame, but in a durable plastic container for food products. Do not forget to use lubrication for the forms of paving slabs.
The creation of silicone molds for paving slabs
Silicone pattern for the tiles is the option that most accurately conveys the smallest nuances of the surface. If you intend to cast the tiles of a complex configuration, the silicone form is exactly what you need. In addition, it does not crack, does not fight, and because it is very easy to extract the finished product.
To create this form is used three piece silicone. It includes base, catalyst and hardener, which you mix in clearly established by the manufacturer proportions. The temperature of each of the components must not be below 20°C.
To manufacture a template from the silicone, you will need the following materials and tools:
- container for pouring the silicone. You can make it yourself or take finished product;
- three piece silicone;
- hard matrix in the form of the future tile;
- vegetable or other oil that will be smeared form;
- sculptural clay;
- the building mixer for easy mixing;
- a pair of scissors.
You need to think in advance than to grease the pan for paving. Without using lubricants, silicone will stick to the surface of the tiles, the shape of which is copied.
The creation of a silicon template in the following order:
The period of curing of the silicone is about a day. The higher the ambient temperature, the faster the freezing.
Silicone pattern for tiles is one of the most durable, resistant and reliable options. It allows you to exactly copy the shape of the surface, so if you plan to cast tiles of complex shape and can afford to purchase expensive components for the manufacture of the template, this option is for you.
The pattern of polyurethane
To make a shape for paving his hands from polyurethane a bit more complicated than other materials. This is due mainly to the nuances of the material. The form of polyurethane you need to cast in a well ventilated area or outdoors, as the material emits harmful substances.
In addition, the need for personal protective equipment: gloves, respirator, glasses. In contact with the skin or mucous membrane a mixture of irritating, so you should not allow them direct contact. Also, the polyurethane reacts violently with water, so it is undesirable to come into contact with damp or wet surfaces.
If you do decide to make a mold for the tiles of this material, you will get a very robust and reliable matrix which can be used not only for making paving slabs but pavers.
Polyurethane consists of two components, which are formed in matrix. After that, the edges of the matrix are raised a few inches, resulting in the expulsion of air. The mixture solidifies for 24 hours, then removed from the mold and hardens in 48 hours.
A useful tip! If you need a versatile Foundation for a variety of concrete products, the option of polyurethane would be best.
Form for paving your own hands: photo-manual
If you don’t know how to do the form for paving with their own hands, videos from the Internet will help you to avoid common mistakes. In addition, there are some General points that significantly make life easier when creating templates and the tiles:
Of course, there are many specialized points of sales and websites online, where to buy the form for paving is possible for relatively little money. But using a home-made version gives you a lot of advantages. This not only saves money, but also the opportunity to create absolutely unique tiles which will perfectly match your design fantasies.
For independent material production does not require specialized tools, just the basic skills in the construction sector and the ability to closely follow instructions, which are available in a large number to find on the Internet.
By the way, lubrication for the forms of paving slabs with their hands is also not very difficult to make. To do this, you may need only vegetable oil or animal fat to be deposited on the surface of the template.
The material for the manufacture of paving slabs
In order for a prospective tile had a high performance, important not only for its form but also material that will be poured into the template. The finished product should have the following properties:
- low water absorption;
- resistance to differences of temperatures;
- resistance to abrasion and mechanical damage;
- low-porosity structure.
All these qualities have concrete, which can be purchased at a specialty store or warehouse, and you can make your own. It’s cheaper, and the obtained mixture may be the consistency and color. You can buy the form for the manufacture of paving slabs, and concrete to create or to do everything completely on their own.
For homemade concrete you will need cement, sand, crushed stone fines, water, various modifying additives of your choice, as well as the coloring pigment, if the final product must be colored.
Cement is not only the basis of any mixes, but also one of its most important components. From its quality will depend on the strength of future products, so at this point it is not worth saving. If we are talking about the production of paving slabs, then there is to take the cement is not lower than M500 with a low content of tricalcium aluminate is 5-8%. This will give the finished product a high level of durability and good resistance to adverse effects of natural character.
In the concrete mixture for production paving sand should be more than cement, and module size must match 2. The ideal option is river sand, sifted through a fine sieve to remove any impurities. In combination with sand, use a plasticizer which will not only serve as an additional placeholder, but bind the loose material.
Gravel – coarse aggregate, which is composed of concrete should be the same as sand. Crushed stone directly affect these performance characteristics of future products as strength and frost resistance. If everything is done exactly according to the technology and using quality materials, the finished tiles can withstand up to 300 cycles of freezing. The optimum size fraction of crushed stone of 5-10 mm.
One of the important components of mixtures for tile production is a plasticizer. He gives a solution such additional qualities as elasticity and water resistance, minimizes the chance of cracking products as a result of drying or delamination of concrete. The plasticizer can be purchased or homemade. The latter option is cheaper and involves the use of chicken protein, slaked lime polyvinyl acetate glue, washing powder or detergent.
A useful tip! For greater reliability in the composition of concrete can add a polyamide or glass fibers that increase strength. It is important that their content does not exceed 1 kg per m3 of the mixture.
If you want the finished product was of a certain color or shade, you can use special pigments. The best option in this case would be the use of inorganic oxides which dissolve in water and razmeshivatsya in concrete. The proportions are chosen depending on what kind of color saturation you want to get in the end.
Therefore, the use of improvised forms and the production of tiles with their hands will save a lot of costs associated with the development of the local area. In addition, the finished tracks and platforms on your site will have individual and unique design.