Not always the kitchen serves as the center of the apartment, but even if family dinners and gatherings are not held here, but somewhere else, the kitchen must be cozy. We spend a lot of time here, whether we like it or not. That is why the lighting of this corner should be as comfortable as possible.
Of course, everyone is lucky in many ways: some kitchens even require daylighting (although not always in such cases include). Is it worth compensating for this effect by finishing the kitchen – light walls, glossy furniture? It seems to us that yes, although the texture of the facades exerts far less influence on illumination than their color. The fashion for dark kitchens, fortunately, gradually comes to naught … but even if you chose just this – dark – the situation, and even more so if this situation got to you without your desire, everything can be corrected by artificial lighting.
But first we need to decide what exactly we expect to get by clicking the switches. It’s the switches, not the one switch – because without zoning the lighting of real comfort, coupled with the functionality in the kitchen is difficult to achieve. General lighting is needed in order to evenly illuminate the entire room – bright and uncompromising. As a rule, this function is achieved by one powerful light source located in the center under the ceiling. It is difficult to make a mistake here: if the lamp’s power is sufficient, the only mistake that can be made is to place the lamp without a diffuser, one that it is painful to look at without closing your eyes. Especially unpleasant such options look in the kitchens with the above-mentioned glossy facades – a sharp and aggressive light spot meets us there not only on the ceiling, but also on all facades,
What do we get, adding to the general lighting an additional (the so-called “peripheral”)? Ability to include a set of light sources over each of the segments – the zone of work and the rest area. If the area of our kitchen is relatively large, we need to be able to highlight each of the jobs: the stove, the sink, the cabinets, the working surface of the table (or tables). Separately, you can indicate the backlight and dining table – no longer for the comfort of work, but for the sake of comfort. Is it possible to completely abandon the general central lighting in favor of the zoned? You can, and many do so – but not at the design stage and the device electrical, and at the stage of operation. As practice shows, many include central lights only for cleaning, all the rest of the time circumventing the peripheral lighting.
Unfortunately, there are also cases when developed peripheral lighting of the kitchen is contraindicated. It’s about old houses with small kitchens – with a small area and low ceilings. Most attempts to arrange zoned illumination result in excessive clutter of a tiny room, which we already reduce due to the abundance of kitchen furniture. And do you need peripheral lighting in a room of, say, six square meters? In such kitchens one bright, but equipped with a diffuser lamp on the ceiling is enough. Of course, this does not prevent to arrange additional lighting lines above the stove and under the kitchen cabinets – that is, where the light sources are not visible and, therefore, do not cause the feeling of excessive loading of the room. They are useful, because in small kitchens of shadows from cabinets, falling on the work surface,
A large kitchen brings its tasks and challenges. For example, the idea, which is currently very popular, of the installation of a kitchen island, necessarily requires its own illumination zone. As a rule, it is realized by means of a series of spotlights around the perimeter, but no one interferes with lighting the “island” with LED strips or luminescent linear devices.
What is the complexity mentioned in the previous paragraph? Luminaries are now available in stores for all tastes and purse, and their competent installation is not a godsend what science? There is no arguing, but there are plenty of mistakes. The most important of them is the non-observance or mismatch of “color temperatures”. Most fluorescent lamps that can be seen on the shelves are clearly divided into three types: “daylight”, “cold white” and “warm white”. If there is no such marking, the shade of light can always be set by the figure with the index K (which means the same temperature in the Kelvin). Having met, say, the designation 2700K, you can say exactly about the warm white light. Actually, it refers to any color temperature below 3300K. And all that is higher is already “cold” or “
It goes without saying that the color temperatures of light sources in the kitchen should be selected more or less equal, being guided by something that we would never like to experiment with – let’s say a “cozy” low lamp over a dining table shines with a deadly “daylight” light in no way must. The main problem begins when we try to combine light sources of different types and is associated with the characteristics of the spectra of fluorescent and LED lamps: since they are represented on the spectrometer not by solid bands, but by a set of narrow lines, even if the color temperature is the same, the color will be perceived as different . That’s why you should not be lazy and include in the store all types of lamps that you are going to use in the kitchen. Only in this way you will understand in advance that it is getting out of the common “
According to PRO Real Estate