Various types of gates are used for the same purpose – the restriction of access to private land. When selecting a product you can be guided by different motives, but the main is the ease in opening and closing, as well as saving space. Roller model meet both of these characteristics, this is quite simple to mount sliding doors with their hands: drawings, diagrams, sketches designs are easily found on the Internet.
- 1 Device sliding gates
- 1.1 How to choose the rollers for sliding gates and other components
- 2 to install a sliding gate
- 2.1 Tools needed for installation of sliding gates
- 2.2 Foundation
- 2.3 Installation of gates
- 2.4 Staining the gate
- 3 of the Drawings, photos and videos of sliding doors with their hands: selection and installation of automation
- 3.1 Overview of models sliding gates
- 3.2 Sliding doors with their hands: drawings, diagrams, sketches, designs. Advantages and disadvantages
The device of sliding doors
Sliding gates can be of two types, roller and rail. The first type of design involves the use of roller bearings and is quite simple to manufacture. Rail gate today are considered obsolete and are rarely used.
In the Internet you can find a large number of articles on how to make your own hands sliding gates. This would require minimum skills in the construction sector, a number of specialized tools and patience. First you need to know that any roller sliding gate consists of the following elements:
- the support or truck – two supports installed the console portion;
- guide beam takes the load of the weight of the gate;
- the lower catcher – takes the load off the support roller at a locked gate;
- top catcher – reduces the level of sail design;
- removable roller is a support for the edge of the gate at a time when they are closed;
- the upper clip or bracket – does not allow the wing to move sideways;
- stand – base for the pillars that move the sash.
To start the installation with the construction of the Foundation that will take the brunt of the burden of the structure. On top of it, poles are being installed, which moves the guide beam, the latter is welded directly to shutters.
Sliding gates can be driven manually or by motor. Both types of design involve the same mounting arrangement.
A useful tip! Choosing the material for shutters, keep in mind that it must be sufficiently hard and durable as the whole structure exposed to the wind. In addition, the fabric should not SAG under its own weight.
How to choose rollers for sliding gates and other components
In the modern market, there are a huge number of parts, which can be collected from the sliding doors with his hands. The main selection criteria is the width of the opening height of the valves and the total weight of the structure. Also pick up accessories by using special programs on the websites of the manufacturers.
Special attention should be paid to the gate opening width exceeding 5 m. In this case, the load will be more than 600 kg, and this requires a special set of components for high loads.
If you decide to collect video sliding doors with their hands, you need quality components. First, according to drawings, photos and videos of sliding doors with Central I-beam with your own hands it is necessary to calculate the maximum load and other parameters, and then moderate sets of spare parts you need from the manufacturer. Below you can see the options kits for mounting different firms:
Proizvoditeli folds, chirina opening, m beams, maltak Microdo 350до 34.5 Alutechдо 450до 46Ролтэк Akodo 500-46
A useful tip! When choosing accessories, contact with ready calculations and drawing to the experienced. So you can not only save your time but also acquire the best parts.
The installation of sliding gates
Installation of gates should always be performed in a specific sequence:
For each of the stages of installation of sliding doors with their hands, pictures and drawings in a large number can be found on the Internet.
The tools needed for the installation of sliding gates
To install the sliding gate will need some specialized tools:
Drawings, diagrams, sketches, design of suspended gate with their hands can download many professional construction sites. There you will find a list of specialized tools necessary for the manufacture of a particular type of gate.
The first phase of construction of the foundations is marking the pit. To do this along the fence of the plot of measured distance, which is equal to 1/2 the width of the door opening. The width of the holes under the concrete base – approximately two feet to the side of the site.
If possible, the supporting pillars, it is recommended to use the fence posts. Otherwise, the return pole is mounted, the hole for which is located opposite the pits for the Foundation, and on the opposite side of the doorway. In the case of installation of automatic gate, be sure to provide a place for laying electric cable. As a casing, you can use metal or PVC pipe with a diameter of about 25 mm.
A useful tip! The soil in the pit is removed to a depth of soil freezing, that is not less than 2 m.
The mortgage element is made from a channel to which the bottom linked the segments of the valve. The item itself is placed in a pit to the channel as tightly as possible against the fence post. The horizontal position of the channel parallel to the direction of the door opener is to check with a level gauge.
On top of the laying element filled with concrete, the level of which should be slightly above the surface of the element. After that, the concrete should be allowed to freeze, it takes 6 days. After hardening of concrete Foundation, you can proceed directly to the installation of gates.
The method described above is the most common, but there are a number of options for how to make the base:
Installation of gates
When mounting the gates to the cottage with his own hands, first you need to perform the layout. For this line of the opening is stretched cord, indicating the path of movement of the sash. Then, you commit the adjustment sites.
After the installation of the sites is necessary to determine the end position of the roller supports. For this you need to retreat 15 cm from the edge of the opening along the laying element and draw a tangent to the first truck. Extreme position for the second truck is calculated by the following formula: the length of the gate (cantilever part) is taken 100 mm in the plane of the laying element.
After all the calculations, you can start the installation of sliding doors with their hands, video if necessary, you can find online. When the welder welded the adjustment platform of the second truck, after that rolled into the doorway and is adjustable fold.
The sequence of actions looks like this:
To truck is properly fastened inside of the carrier profile, to their anchorages to the pads, loosen the top nut several times to open and close the gate. If the leaf goes quite freely, the nut should tighten back. If the fabric moves with difficulty, it is necessary to correct a misalignment of the trucks in the perpendicular plane to the movement of the canvas.
When movement of the web is adjusted, you can proceed to install the end of the movie. It is placed inside of the carrier profile is fixed by mounting bolts, then the cover element is welded to the profile of the gate. It also can be bolted, however welding in this case is more reliable.
A useful tip! In winter, the inside of the carrier profile can get snow, impeding the movement of the leaf. In order to prevent this from happening, just inside the gate is welded to a stub of the carrier profile.
Drawings of sliding doors with their hands also involve the installation of the top retainer with rollers. The videos should capture the top of the blade, and the bracket needs to be sent by the holes in the side of the support post.
In some cases, to strengthen the canvas can be clad with profiled metal sheet. The attachment of the sheet to the canvas is carried out with screws or rivets, the second method is more reliable. Ate you need to mount multiple sheets, they overlap.
An important element of the design of the gates with their hands (drawings, diagrams, sketches confirm this) is a trap. Lower the trap reduces the load on the roller of the trolley when the gate is in the closed position. Therefore, it is mounted on a fully closed gate. Under the end roller is supplied the lower trap so that its bearing surface was above the level of the end roller.
The upper trap in the closed position of the gate its the top brackets should touch the protective area of the front edge of the canvas.
Staining the gate
If you want, after installation of the structure, the doors can be painted in different colors. The paint should be durable and endure various adverse environmental effects. To layer paint was kept as long as possible, the surface must first be cleaned using a grinder or sandpaper, and then degreased with acetone.
After Stripping the gate is primed. This can be done with a brush, roller or spray gun. The latter option is preferable, since it avoids unevenness and streaks. After the primer paint layer is applied. After drying, the dyeing is repeated. Different paint types and under different weather conditions can dry out from several hours to several days.
Drawings, photos and videos of sliding doors with their hands: selection and installation of automation
For installation of automatic sliding gates you will need specialized equipment. The choice of automation – it is quite a difficult question, as it depends on the weight of the structure, environmental conditions and many other factors. Special attention should be given to these characteristics:
Another important parameter in the choice of automation – is the weight of the sash. If it does not exceed 500 kg, then you can safely choose the drive for lightweight gates, and if it comes to 1 ton we need automation for weighted designs. A separate type of equipment is used for gates for industrial use.
Gate with their hands. Drawings, photos and videos. Description of the process of self-installation. The advantages and drawbacks of hinged and sliding gates, features of their installation.
With regard to popular manufacturers of automation systems for sliding gates, to pay attention to the following firms:
- Came French manufacturer, whose products enjoy great popularity in the warm regions. Winter on the toothed rail and limit switches can numerate ice, so this is not recommended for use in the harsh winter;
- Nice – quality automation for a gate is lightweight. Is relatively inexpensive, is characterized by durability and wear resistance in conditions of normal use. The internal gear is made of plastic, so if you exceed the allowed weight can very quickly come into disrepair;
- Faac is an Italian automation for operation in all weather conditions. A distinctive feature – large power reserve of the engine, which allows to operate even in the harsh winter, as well as the switches of the magnetic type, excluding namerzanie ice. Gears are made of steel and brass, so you can boast a large margin of safety;
- An-motors is one of the most affordable electric motor, high quality. This automation is made in Belarus, therefore, boasts reasonable price.
A useful tip! Choosing automation for a gate, count on the maximum load on the mechanism, and in the most severe weather conditions in your area.
Self-Assembly of automation is quite simple, as included with the kit is installation instructions.
Overview of models sliding gates
If you have no time, desire or the necessary skills in order to fabricate the gate with your hands, you can pay attention to a number of models from well-known manufacturers:
ПроизводительОсобенностиНогмаппКрупнейший in Europe manufacturer of garage doors and other door types and accessories to them. Gates of the company are very popular and are characterized by a high level of reliability.CAME GroupВорота this manufacturer are characterized by reliability, safety and ease of operation. The company products are constantly being improved, and the model range is expanding.Ratecategory manufacturer of sliding gate, which has affordable price and high quality. One of the best manufacturers of gates and components to them.DoorHanОдин of the favorites in the market walling, specializiruetsya in the manufacture of a full range of spare parts for all types of door. The company actively develops and constantly improves quality of its products.
Sliding doors with their hands: drawings, diagrams, sketches, designs. Advantages and disadvantages
Like any other design, the sliding gate has its advantages and disadvantages. On the positive side are the following:
To talk about other advantages and disadvantages of sliding gates can be quite long, however one should know for sure – this type of fencing is quite reliable and takes up little space, which can be a decisive factor in the selection of beautiful and functional designs for a suburban area.